An aortic aneurysm is a bulge in your aorta, the main blood vessel that carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body. Arteries usually have strong, thick walls. But sometimes, certain illnesses or problems with your genes make them weak. The force of your blood constantly pushing against those weakened walls can make them swell. The result is a balloon-like bulge, called an aneurysm. If it grows too large and bursts, it can become an emergency. So it needs treatment as soon as possible.
Doctors can usually treat small aneurysms with medication. But larger ones may need surgery.
There are two main types of surgery for aortic aneurysms:
- Open abdominal or open chest repair
- Endovascular repair